Résistance Identitaire Européenne

Coronavirus : huit opérateurs européens, dont Orange, vont fournir les données de localisation de leurs clients

tracage

TRAÇAGE - La Commission européenne a demandé aux principaux opérateurs télécoms européens de partager les données de localisation de leurs abonnés recueillies grâce aux téléphones portables. En France, Orange, leader sur le marché avec 34 millions d'abonnés mobile, a été choisi.

Orange, Vodafone, Deutsche Telekom et cinq autres opérateurs télécoms ont accepté de partager avec la Commission européenne les données de localisation de leurs clients. Le but : vérifier si les consignes de confinement sont appliquées et suivre la propagation la pandémie de coronavirus. La demande avait été formulée en début de semaine par Thierry Breton, le commissaire européen au marché intérieur et au numérique, directement auprès de la GSMA Association, qui regroupe 750 acteurs du secteur de la téléphonie mobile dans le monde.

En France, l'opérateur Orange, leader sur le marché avec 34 millions d'abonnés mobiles, avait indiqué dès la semaine dernière qu'il travaillait d'ores et déjà avec les chercheurs de l'Institut français de la recherche médicale (Inserm). Les données de géolocalisation fournies par l'opérateur aux scientifiques a permis d'évaluer les variations de population "avant confinement" et "après confinement". C'est ainsi que les autorités sanitaires ont pu établir que 17% des Parisiens auraient quitté la ville à ce moment, comme l'avait révélé  l'Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP). 

 

L'exploitation de ces données va surtout permettre aux autorités sanitaires européennes d'améliorer les estimations prévisionnelles épidémiologiques par zone pour "adapter en temps réel le système de soin". Mais aussi "d'estimer les mobilités par zone pour vérifier l'effectivité des mesures de confinement". Invité de la matinale d’Europe 1 ce jeudi, Stéphane Richard a tenu à rassurer ses clients mobiles. "Il n'y a pas de traçage individuel (...) Nous ne transmettons pas vos photos, vos contacts... Uniquement votre géolocalisation. Et ce sont des données agrégées et anonymisées", a assuré le PDG d’Orange. En effet, rien ne nous identifie en tant qu'individu dans ces données. Il s'agit, en réalité, d'un nuage de points qui se déplace sur une carte. En outre, elles seront toutes détruites une fois la crise sanitaire surmontée, assure de son côté la Commission européenne.

L'exploitation de données nom nominatives et compilées à des fins notamment de cartographie de la population, est autorisée par la réglementation européenne, avait rappelé lundi Andrea Jelinek, le président du comité européen de la protection des données personnelles (EDPB), qui fédère les gendarmes du numérique (comme la Cnil, en France). En revanche, lorsqu'il est nécessaire d'avoir recours à des données non anonymisées sans consentement, les Etats membres doivent mettre en place une législation spéciale, motivée par la "sécurité nationale" et la "sécurité publique", avait alors souligné l'EDPB. Officiellement, aucun projet de ce type n'est sur la table en France.

L'utilisation des données de géolocalisation dans la lutte contre la pandémie est déjà en oeuvre en Corée du Sud, en Russie ou encore en Israël. Au grand dam de ses détracteurs qui dénoncent une atteinte aux libertés individuelles. Pour éviter "tout malentendu", la Commission européenne devra clairement définir l'ensemble de données qu'elle souhaite obtenir et assurer la transparence vis-à-vis du public, recommande quant à lui le Contrôleur européen de la protection des données (EDPS), dans une lettre à l'exécutif européen que l'agence Reuters a pu consulter. "Il serait également préférable de limiter l'accès à ces données à des experts autorisés en épidémiologie spatiale, en protection des données et en données scientifiques", écrit-il, insistant sur le fait "qu'une telle solution doit être considérée comme extraordinaire".

LCI 26 mars 2020

Imprimer

Clearview : le logiciel qui vous reconnait et vous dénonce

L'Australien Hoan Ton-That s'était jusque-là fait connaître avec une application pour iPhone permettant de rajouter la coupe de cheveux de Donald Trump sur n'importe quel visage. En 2016, raconte le New York Times, il commença à télécharger des photos de visages sur le web et les réseaux sociaux, et à développer un logiciel de reconnaissance faciale.

Il n'avait pas encore de modèle économique. En 2017, financé par Peter Thiel, fondateur de Palantir et conseiller de Trump qui siège aussi au conseil d'administration de Facebook, et aidé par plusieurs anciens responsables républicains, il décide de l'offrir à l'essai gratuitement pendant 30 jours à des forces de l'ordre, afin de les aider à identifier des suspects.

Aujourd'hui utilisée par plus de 600 forces de police américaine, son logiciel Clearview comporterait près de 3 milliards de visage, contre 411 millions « seulement » dans le fichier du FBI. À l'en croire, le logiciel identifierait les suspects dans 75% des cas, bien qu'il soit impossible en l'état de décompter les faux positifs.

Après que Kashmir Hill, la journaliste du New York Times, a demandé à des officiers de police de tester l'application sur son visage, ces derniers ont reçu des coups de fil de la société Clearview AI leur demandant s'ils avaient parlé avec des journalistes, signe que l'entreprise surveillerait l'utilisation faite de son outil. 

Interrogé à ce sujet, Ton-That lui a répondu que l'application surveillait effectivement les « comportements de recherche potentiellement anormaux ». Clearview fût en mesure de retrouver des photos de Kashmir Hill datant pour certaines d'une dizaine d'années, et qu'elle n'avait jamais vue. Même après avoir recouvert son nez et le bas de son visage, Clearview l'identifia sur sept photos.

https://www.nextinpact.com

Imprimer

Liste de logiciels alternatifs aux produits Google (en anglais)

With growing concerns over online privacy and securing personal data, more people than ever are considering alternatives to Google products. After all, Google’s business model essentially revolves around data collection and advertisements, both of which infringe on your privacy. More data means better (targeted) ads and more revenue. The company pulled in over $116 billion in ad revenue last year alone – and that number continues to grow.

But the word is getting out. A growing number of people are seeking alternatives to Google products that respect their privacy and data. This guide aims to be the most exhaustive resource available for documenting alternatives to Google product. So let’s get started (in no particular order or preference)...

Google search alternatives

When it comes to privacy, using Google search is not a good idea. When you use their search engine, Google is recording your IP address, search terms, user agent, and often a unique identifier, which is stored in cookies.

Here are ten alternatives to Google search:

  • StartPage – StartPage gives you Google search results, but without the tracking (based in the Netherlands).
  • Searx – A privacy-friendly and versatile metasearch engine that’s also open source.
  • MetaGer – An open source metasearch engine with good features, based in Germany.
  • SwissCows – A zero-tracking private search engine based in Switzerland, hosted on secure Swiss infrastructure.
  • Qwant – A private search engine based in France.
  • DuckDuckGo – A private search engine based in the US.
  • Mojeek – The only true search engine (rather than metasearch engine) that has its own crawler and index (based in the UK).
  • YaCy – A decentralized, open source, peer-to-peer search engine.
  • Givero – Based in Denmark, Givero offers more privacy than Google and combines search with charitable donations.
  • Ecosia – Ecosia is based in Germany and donates a part of revenues to planting trees.

Note: With the exception of Mojeek, all of the private search engines above are technically metasearch engines, since they source their results from other search engines, such as Bing and Google.

Gmail alternatives

Gmail may be convenient and popular, but there are three major problems:

  • Your inbox is used as a data collection tool. (Did you know Google is tracking your purchasing history from the receipts in your inbox?)
  • Rather than seeing just emails, your email inbox is also used for ads and marketing.
  • The contents of your inbox are being shared with Google and other random third parties.

When you remain logged in to your Gmail account, Google can easily track your activities online as you browse different websites, which may be hosting Google Analytics or Google ads (Adsense).

Here are ten alternatives to Gmail that do well in terms of privacy:

  • Tutanota – based in Germany; very secure and private; free accounts up to 1 GB
  • Mailfence – based in Belgium; lots of features; free accounts up to 500 MB
  • Posteo – based in Germany; €1/mo with 14 day refund window
  • StartMail – based in Netherlands; $5.00/mo with 7 day free trial
  • Runbox – based in Norway; lots of storage and features; $1.66/mo with 30 day free trial
  • Mailbox.org – based in Germany; €1/mo with 30 day free trial
  • CounterMail – based in Sweden; $4.00/mo with 7 day free trial
  • Kolab Now – based in Switzerland; €4.41/mo with 30 day money-back guarantee
  • ProtonMail – based in Switzerland; free accounts up to 500 MB
  • Thexyz – based in Canada; $1.95/mo with 30 day refund window

More information on these providers is available in the secure and private email servicesguide.

Chrome alternatives

Google Chrome is a popular browser, but it’s also a data collection tool – and many people are taking notice. Just a few days ago, the Washington Post asserted that “Google’s web browser has become spy software,” with 11,000 tracker cookies observed in a single week. Here are seven alternatives for more privacy:

  • Firefox browser – Firefox is a very customizable, open-source browser that is popular in privacy circles. There are also many different Firefox modifications and tweaks that will give you more privacy and security. (Also check out Firefox Focus, a privacy-focused version for mobile users.)
  • Iridium – Based on open source Chromium, Iridium offers numerous privacy and security enhancements over Chrome, source code here.
  • GNU IceCat – A fork of Firefox from the Free Software Foundation.
  • Tor browser – A hardened and secured version of Firefox that runs on the Tor network by default. (It also does a good job against browser fingerprinting.)
  • Ungoogled Chromium – Just as the name says, this is an open source version of Chromium that has been “ungoogled” and modified for more privacy.
  • Brave – Brave is another Chromium-based browser that is rather popular. It blocks trackers and ads by default (except for “approved” ads that are part of the “Brave Ads” network).
  • Waterfox – This is a fork of Firefox that is configured for more privacy by default, with Mozilla telemetry stripped out of the code.

Of course, there are other alternatives to Chrome, such as Safari (from Apple), Microsoft Internet Explorer/Edge, Opera, and Vivaldi – but these also come with some privacy drawbacks.

Google Drive alternatives

If you’re looking for a secure cloud storage option, you can check out these Google Drive alternatives:

  • Tresorit – A user-friendly cloud storage option based in Switzerland.
  • ownCloud – An open source and self-hosted cloud platform developed in Germany.
  • Nextcloud – Nextcloud is also an open source, self-hosted file sharing and collaboration platform, based in Germany.
  • Sync – Based in Canada, Sync offers a secure, encrypted cloud storage solution for businesses and individuals.
  • Syncthing – Here we have a decentralized, open source, peer-to-peer cloud storage platform.

Of course, Dropbox is another popular Google drive alternative, but it’s not the best in terms of privacy.

Google Calendar alternative

Here are some Google Calendar alternatives:

  • Lightning Calendar is an open source calendar option developed by Mozilla, and it’s compatible with Thunderbird and Seamonkey.
  • Etar, an open source, basic calendar option.
  • Fruux, an open source calendar with good features and support for many operating systems.

For those wanting a combined solution for both email and calendar functionality, these providers offer that:

Google Docs / Sheets / Slides alternative

There are many solid Google Docs alternatives available. The largest offline document editing suite is, of course, Microsoft Office. As most people know, however, Microsoft is not the best company for privacy. Nonetheless, there are a few other good Google Docs alternatives:

  • CryptPad – CryptPad is a privacy-focused alternative with strong encryption, and it’s free.
  • Etherpad – A self-hosted collaborative online editor that’s also open source.
  • Zoho Docs – This is another good Google Docs alternative with a clean interface and good functionality, although it may not be the best for privacy.
  • OnlyOffice – OnlyOffice feels a bit more restricted than some of the other options in terms of features.
  • Cryptee – This is a privacy-focused platform for photo and document storage and editing. It’s open source and based in Estonia.
  • LibreOffice (offline) – You can use LibreOffice which is free and open source.
  • Apache OpenOffice (offline) – Another good open source office suite.

Google Photos alternative

Here are a few good Google Photos alternatives:

  • Piwigo – Piwigo is a great option that you can self-host. It is also free and open source.
  • Lychee – Lychee is another self-hosted, open source photo management platform.

Shoebox was another alternative, but it closed operations in June 2019.

YouTube alternatives

Unfortunately, YouTube alternatives can really be hit or miss, with most struggling to gain popularity.

Tip: Invidio.us is a great Youtube proxy that allows you to watch any Youtube video without logging in, even if the video is somehow restricted. To do this, simply replace [www.youtube.com] with [invidio.us] in the URL you want to view.

Google Translate alternative

Here are a few Google translate alternatives I have come across:

  • DeepL – DeepL is a solid Google Translate alternative that seems to give great results. Like Google Translate, DeepL allows you to post up to 5,000 characters at a time (but the pro version is unlimited). The user interface is good and there is also a built-in dictionary feature.
  • Linguee – Linguee does not allow you to post large blocks of text like DeepL. However, Linguee will give you very accurate translations for single words or phrases, along with context examples.
  • dict.cc – This Google Translate alternative seems to do a decent job on single-world lookups, but it also feels a bit outdated.
  • Swisscows Translate – A good translation service supporting many languages.

If you want to translate blocks of text, check out DeepL. If you want in-depth translations for single words or phrases, then Linguee is a good choice.

Google Analytics alternative

For website admins, there are many reasons to use an alternative to Google Analytics. Aside from privacy concerns, there are also faster and more user-friendly alternatives that also respect your visitors’ privacy.

  • Clicky is a great alternative to Google Analytics that truncates and anonymizes visitor IP addresses by default. It is lightweight, user-friendly, and fully compliant with GDPR regulations, while also being certified by Privacy Shield.
  • Matomo (formerly Piwik) is an open-source analytics platform that respects the privacy of visitors by anonymizing and truncating visitor IP addresses (if enabled by the website admin). It is also certified to respect user privacy.
  • Fathom Analytics is an open source alternative to Google Analytics that’s available on Github here. It’s minimal, fast, and lightweight.
  • AT Internet is a France-based analytics provider that is fully GDPR compliant, with all data stored on French servers, and a good track record going back to 1996.

Many websites host Google Analytics because they run Google Adsense campaigns. Without Google Analytics, tracking performance of these campaigns would be difficult. Nonetheless, there are still better options for privacy.

Google Maps alternative

A map alternative for PCs is OpenStreetMap.

A few Google Maps alternatives for mobile devices include:

  • OsmAnd is a free and open-source mobile maps app for both Android and iOS (based on OpenStreetMap data).
  • Maps (F Droid) uses OpenStreetMap data (offline).
  • Here WeGo provides good mapping solutions for both PCs and mobile devices with their app.
  • Maps.Me is another option that is free on both Android and iOS, but there is a fair amount of data collection with this alternative, as explained in their privacy policy.
  • MapHub is also based on OpenStreeMap data and it does not collect locations or user IP addresses.

Note: Waze is not an “alternative” as it is owned by Google.

Google Play Store alternative

Currently the best Google Play Store alternative is to use F-Droid and then go through the Yalp store. As explained on the official site, F-Droid is an installable catalog of FOSS (Free and Open Source Software) applications for the Android platform. After you have installed F-Droid, you can then download the Yalp store APK, which allows you to download apps from the Google Play Store directly as APK files.

See the F-Droid website or the official GitHub page for more info. Other alternatives to the Google Play Store include:

  • TechSpot – We have an Android section in Downloads full of safe and verified downloads.
  • Aptoide – An independent marketplace for Android apps.
  • APKMirror – This is a large library of APK files uploaded by different users (be careful).
  • Aurora Store – A fork of the Yalp Store.

Google Chrome OS alternative

Want to ditch the Chromebook and Chrome OS? Here are a few alternatives:

  • Linux – Of course, Linux is arguably the best alternative, being a free, open-source operating system with lots of different flavors. With some adjustments, Linux Ubuntu can be run on Chromebooks.
  • Tails – Tails is a free, privacy-focused operating system based on Linux that routes all traffic through the Tor network.
  • QubesOS – Recommended by Snowden, free, and also open source.

Of course, the other two big operating system alternatives are Windows and Apple’s operating system for MacBooks – Mac OS. Windows, particularly Windows 10, is a very bad option for privacy. While slightly better, Apple also collects user data and has partnered with the NSA for surveillance.

Android alternatives

The biggest alternative to Android is iOS from Apple. But we’ll skip over that for reasons already mentioned. Here are a few Android OS alternatives:

  • LineageOS – A free and open-source operating system for phones and tablets based on Android.
  • Ubuntu Touch – A mobile version of the Ubuntu operating system.
  • Plasma Mobile – An open source, Linux-based operating system with active development.
  • Sailfish OS – Another open source, Linux-based mobile OS.
  • Replicant – A fully free Android distribution with an emphasis on freedom, privacy, and security.
  • /e/ – This is another open source project with a focus on privacy and security.

Purism is also working on a privacy-focused mobile phone called the Librem 5. It is in production, but not yet available (estimated Q3 2019).

Google Hangouts alternatives

Here are some alternatives to Google Hangouts:

  • Wire – A great all-around secure messenger, video, and chat app, but somewhat limited on the number of people who can chat together in a group conversation via voice or video.
  • Signal – A good secure messenger platform from Open Whisper Systems.
  • Telegram – A longtime secure messenger app, formerly based in Russia, now in Dubai.
  • Riot – A privacy-focused encrypted chat service that is also open source.

Google Domains alternative

Google Domains is a domain registration service. Here are a few alternatives:

  • Namecheap – I like Namecheap because all domain purchases now come with free WhoisGuard protection for life, which protects your contact information from third parties. Namecheap also accepts Bitcoin and offers domain registration, hosting, email, SSL certs, and a variety of other products.
  • Njalla – Njalla is a privacy-focused domain registration service based in Nevis. They offer hosting options, too, and also accept cryptocurrency payments.
  • OrangeWebsite – OrangeWebsite offers anonymous domain registration services and also accepts cryptocurrency payments, based in Iceland.

Other Google alternatives

Here more alternatives for various Google products:

Google Forms alternative – JotForm is a free online form builder.

Google Keep alternative – Below are a few different Google Keep alternatives:

  • Standard Notes is a great alternative for a note-taking service. It is secure, encrypted, and free with apps for Windows, Mac, Linux, iOS, and Android (web-based also available).
  • Joplin is another great option that is open source and works on Windows, Mac, Linux, iOS, and Android.
  • Zoho Notebook from Zoho, with apps for desktop and mobile devices.
  • QOwnNotes is an open source file editor with Nextcloud integration.

Google Fonts alternative – Many websites load Google fonts through Google APIs, but that’s not necessary. One alternative to this is to use Font Squirrel, which has a large selection of both Google and non-Google fonts which are free to download and use.

Google Voice alternative – JMP.chat (both free and paid)

G Suite alternative – Zoho is probably the best option

Google Firebase alternative – Kuzzle (free and open source)

Google Blogger alternatives – WordPressMedium, and Ghost are all good options.

Do you have any other tips or suggestions for Google alternatives? Feel free to drop a comment below. This guide will be regularly updated to reflect the latest information and user feedback.

Imprimer

En poursuivant votre navigation sur ce site, vous acceptez l'utilisation de cookies pour réaliser des statistiques de visites